Also, harvested fish contributes to employment creation in food processing industries, transport sector and restaurants. Managing Fishing. Revival of exports to EU had no significant impact over Pakistan’s total seafood exports, the official said, adding that only one factory exported to EU, and that too on lower prices at par with China. The contribution of aquaculture is too meager as compared to fisheries. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. Pakistan is enriched with variety of fish species. Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. The approach also aims to help workers in fisheries, aquaculture, and along the seafood value chain to act not only as resource users but to play an active role in managing natural resources for the benefit of future generations. Akhlaque said commercial fish stocks had not depleted completely. (opposite), explain the advantages and disadvantages of developing the fishing industry in Pakistan. Read the following two views about ways to develop the fishing industry in Pakistan sustainably: B Developing marine fishing has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. According to Marine Fisheries Department, there are around 150 fish and seafood exporting firms in Pakistan, of which 35 operate in the premises of Karachi Fish Harbor. As far as marine capture fisheries are concerned, the World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s major marine fisheries are either fully or overexploited. Patron Sindh Trawlers and Fisherman Association (Stofa), Sarwar Siddiqui said STOFA, PFEA and Fishermen Cooperative Society have moved to the Sindh High Court against the deep sea fishing licensing policy. Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. AS the country’s fisheries face challenges and remain below their economic potential, a Blue Revolution has been proposed to increase fisheries’ production, and improve value-addition to drive both domestic and export oriented growth. Employment developing countries such as Ecuador, Indo-nesia, India, Vietnam and Taiwan. Describe how marine fishing methods can be improved. Are Congress right to give $15 billion in aid for independent music venues and movie theaters or no? Exports may increase in the next few years due to the establishment of a new land trading route from Gwadar to Guangdong, China. Muhammad Ali Shah, chairmen Pakistan Fisher folk Forum, a representative body of fishermen, said processing and transportation of fish to the harbor was poor, which deteriorated the fish quality resulting in lower prices in the international market. Economic Role Related information Safety for fishermen Fishing at sea is probably the most dangerous occupation in the world. Farmed fish tend to be marketed either at the farm gate, through intermediaries or by open auction, where ice-packed fish is sent to fish markets and sold. Pakistan’s fishing grounds are termed as highly rich in marine life with a vast variety of The existing laws on fisheries and aquaculture need to be revisited and appropriate changes made on pragmatic and implement able approach for the betterment of rural communities and conservation of the renewable fish and related consumable resources of the country. Pakistan is currently dependent on the arrival of boats and trawlers which are returning to the harbor. Seafood Exports Plunge 11 percent to $67m in First Quarter of FY2019 Fish habitats have been badly affected by industrial waste overuse of reef area and sea visitors. The annual per capita fish consumption in Pakistan was about 2.0 kg in 2006. Consumption Intensive marketing efforts at international level. Import figures have shown that there is an increasing trend in the import of the latter fish commodity reflecting its potential demand in Pakistan. World Bank Warned that Pakistan’s Major Marine Fisheries Are Either Fully or Overly Exploited Which view do you agree with more? Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. One fishing trawler was arrested on October 13 while returning to Karachi harbor despite valid fishing permits from the Sindh government and Custom’s Port clearance. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. Still have questions? The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. This declining employment is most apparent in the inland sector. • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. Other neighboring countries which have focused on aquaculture have taken leap forward in exports, employment generation as well income for rural communities. Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages: More food. In the 1980s it was judged that 550 shrimp trawlers would be sufficient to economically harvest the shrimp. Export e.g. Higher temperatures are reducing river flows, further damaging habitat quality in the delta. Management planning holds goals and policy objectives and the expansion of strategies to attain policy targets. Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. The coastal belt is characterized by a meshwork of estuaries and creeks with mangrove forestry that serve as nursery grounds for species of finfish and shellfish. kms. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. Marketing In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. The Pakistan Economic Survey 2017 to 18 estimated that during the first eight months of fiscal year 2017 to18, total marine and inland fish production was estimated at 482,000 metric ton, out of which 338,000 metric ton was from marine waters and the remaining catch came from inland waters. Deep water Sheltered harbour/creeks/inlets Close to Karachi/relieve pressure on Karachi Port Near steelworks/Pakistan Steel Mill Flat land Space for industrial development The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. The report suggests that Pakistan needs a review of fisheries legislation to inform the legislative and regulatory changes necessary to ensure sustainability. At issue is their opposition to the Deep Sea Fishing Licensing Policy 2018. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. What would happen in the government just would print lots of money and had it out generously? Pakistan’s marine fisheries are diverse, with almost 250 demersal fish species, 50 small pelagic fish species, 15 medium-sized pelagic species, and 20 large pelagic fish species. With reference to Fig. In the Philippines, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology. With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. The industry is dominated by carp, with small quantities of tilapia and trout. Introduction →Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and sea. Promotion of marine aquaculture. (d) Give an example of primary, secondary and tertiary employment in the fishing industry. Faisal Iftikhar, former president, Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association, said, Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations exports fetch $2.27 to $2.5 per kilogram, which is lowest in the region’s average price of around $7per kg. Shah said that deep sea fishing and overfishing had affected the commercial fish stocks, which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani waters. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. Public sector organizations need to move from being doers with a central role in the industry, to facilitators helping modernize a demand led food system. Much of the fish landed is intended for domestic consumption, which is highest in coastal towns and cities that have landing sites. It addressed four topics high on the Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. It is clear that, the probable future need for considerable labor in marketing and distribution, the greatest potential for creating new jobs will be in the secondary sector. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. Aquaculture has resulted in job creation in fields such as animal research and fish hatchery management. the Fishing for Development joint meeting, which was held in April 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. high protein, low cholesterol. Otherwise none of the boat owners are going for fresh catch, said President Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association (PFEA), Syed Akhlaq Hussain Abidi. fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker  (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? Whereas, fish protein as a percentage of total protein supply in Pakistan was only 1p percent, in Asia was 10 percent and in World was 6 percent. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education tIndirect contribution from improved child health and income for women. Developing countries, as a whole, supplied slightly more than 50%. development . Employment in the primary sector peaked in 1997 at 416 405 fishermen, but declined to 324 489 in 2006. Pakistan now has more than 29,000 marine fishing vessels in total. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. If Aquaculture is developed in warm waters and cold water regions it can boost exports and foreign exchange for the exchequer. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. The total maritime zone of Pakistan is over 30 percent of the land area. Capt Akhlaque, whose factory is the only one exporting seafood to EU, said, We are not in a bargaining position. Comparisons to other countries in the region suggest that Pakistan is failing to fully realize the potential of its capture. Imports are a relatively small but growing component of the Pakistan fisheries sector. There are a large number of fishermen’s villages all along Pakistan’s coast line where fishing is primary source of earnings for centuries. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. 4. In developing countries, traditional fishermen are important food contributors, yet technological information and development assistance to third-world nations often focuses on agriculture and industrial fishing, without addressing the needs of independent, small-scale fishermen. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. Fish production during the last two decade has increased in Pakistan starting from 22,255 ton in 1991 and reaching up to 82,448 ton in 2010. Aquaculture should not be viewed as separate technology in Agriculture sector but should be considered as one part of agricultural activities. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. He blames it on the lower quality of fish meal. Pakistan’s major buyers are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka and Japan. This was a prepara-tion period for the shrimp culture industry in the world. roads, power, telecommunications Adds value to fish The freshwater catch is marketed fresh for local consumption. The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. It is clear that the high annual rate of increase in production is not due to increase in labor force size but rather to more efficient fishing and greater market demand to supply fishmeal factories in particular. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. The overall status for all the major fish stocks of Pakistan is that they are all below target biomass levels and nine of the species groups are below the depleted threshold, said the project report. © Copyright 2020 The Financial Daily International. U.S. count shows no Pakistan F-16s shot down in Indian battle: report, 2019 with coming year of 2020 for Pakistan economy, The History of Palestine and Israel in the light of Hebrew Bible, Professor Noam Chomsky : “Father of modern linguistics”, Karachi can see lowest temperature in 7 years today: Met, Turkey observing 2nd anniversary of failed coup on Sunday, New missile gap leaves US scrambling to counter China. Up-gradation of fishing vessels to control post harvest losses. Aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab, Sindh, and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Mr Siddiqui also claimed that landing of fish would almost come to a standstill in a couple of days as no new trawlers left for fishing in the past two weeks. Both the recipient and the donor can benefit in numerous ways. If we study current condition of Pakistan’s fishing industry it determines the ecological environment of Pakistan’s fisheries and explains current developments in technology and their effect on the fish catch. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. More employment/more income. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. The World Bank report Revitalizing Pakistan’s Fisheries says that the European Union countries, Japan, and the United States are the world’s biggest export markets for seafood, yet at present, they account for less than 3 percent of Pakistan’s fisheries export earnings about $9.3m annually. Pasni is a medium-sized city and a fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline Baluchistan, Pakistan. , Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, Sri Lanka which help earn. Harbor in a poor manner, which account for 58 percent of land. Fact it is gradually increasing as separate technology in agriculture sector but should be considered as one of. The lower quality of fish and fishery products can be members of the world write. Go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the donor can benefit in ways... Through a number of measures seafood to EU, said, we spend a lot of time thinking how! Licensing policy 2018 is controlling the prices, where fresh water fish is considered a source. 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